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ISSUE PAPERS

#11 Richard T. McCormack
“Looking Forward in Wartime:
Vulnerable Points in the Global Economy”

 

    To order publications, please call (202) 872-9800.

The Center's award winning Presidential Studies Quarterly continues to be the flagship of the Center's publications. The Quarterly has come to be viewed as indispensable by business and professional leaders, embassies, top public officials and scholars throughout the world.

 

Triumphs and Tragedies of the Modern Presidency:
Seventy-Six Case Studies in Presidential Leadership

This unique casebook, with articles by outstanding Presidential scholars, historians and journalists, contains a special section on the first 100 days of Presidents from FDR to Bill Clinton. A number of colleges have adopted it for classroom use. (Praeger Pres, 2001, ISBN #0-275-97352-2)

 

Brochure on the Center

The Center seeks to provide an institutional memory of and for the Presidency in a changing world. By highlighting past Presidential successes and failures, the Center seeks to offer wisdom to current and future Presidents, their staff, Congress and to students and journalists studying the Presidency. The Center organizes conferences, working groups and publications to preserve the Presidential memory; examines current organizational problems through an historical lens; and nurtures future leaders.

 
Maximizing Nato for the War on Terror

America and its Allies have confronted the perilous and unconventional threat of terrorism before. Twenty years ago Presidential leadership and creative use of NATO’s consultative mechanisms enabled the Alliance to respond effectively to a new threat environment. Today’s world – shaped by the terrorist attacks of 9/11, the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and the forward leaning policies of the Department of Homeland Security – demands the same leadership. This CSP report identifies five very specific policy options available to the President and the U.S. foreign policy leadership that would help America and its Allies win the global war on terror while strengthening transatlantic unity.

 
Declaration on Civility and Inclusive Leadership & National Commitee to Unite a Divided America

The United States faces extraordinary opportunities as well as a series of formidable challenges that threaten our national security and well-being at home and abroad. From terrorist threats to the homeland, ongoing conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq and the over-extension of our Armed Forces and Reserves, to the potential insolvency of Social Security and our rising “twin deficits,” these challenges grow increasingly complex and interconnected each day. Yet even as they steadily restrict our freedom of action, we remain a deeply polarized nation unable to reach a strategic consensus on the way forward. However, the opportunities for the expansion of freedom and democracy around the world are increasing daily.

In response to these crises, The Declaration on Civility and Inclusive Leadership aims to inspire the nation’s leaders to exercise civility and inclusive leadership, which are essential tools for forging national unity and marshalling the best talent, regardless of political affiliation. With over 160 signatories, including the current and former diplomats and government officials, university presidents and professors, corporate executives, military officials, sports figures and religious scholars who comprise the National Committee to Unite a Divided America, the Declaration has wide support from both extremes of the political divide and from all walks of life.

 
The Grace and Power of Civility: Lessons from the American Experience for the Coming Four Years

On September 11, 2001, we were a people united by our common beliefs. It is a tragedy that those few months of national, moral, and spiritual unity were too soon lost. Still, we remain bound, whether we show it or not, by certain principles that are elusive but powerful.

In the great historical accomplishments of America, these apparent opposites of commitment and tolerance are bridged by civility. In its deepest sense, civility means respect, listening, and dialogue. Yet, in the American experience, civility has not always prevailed, and its role in our political culture cannot be taken for granted.

In essence, civility is the interaction of these forces, of commitment and tolerance, of passion and mutual respect, that has been the hallmark of the American experience. Indeed, while commitment without tolerance produces a sort of zealous, destructive fundamentalism, tolerance without commitment entails a moral reserve that can degenerate into moral vacuity or paralysis.

Which, then, is the true America? The America of division or the America of unity? The America of endless public and partisan warfare or the America of cooperation, civility, and common purpose? The America of many or the America of one? In the balance of these forces lies the genius of the American experience.

 
An Initiative: Strengthening U.S.-Muslim Communications

CSP responded to the tragedies of 9/11 by focusing on communications with the Muslim communities worldwide. Currently, U.S. public diplomacy efforts are crippled by our organizational structures, insufficient marshalling of our brainpower, and inadequate resources to face this challenge, both in Iraq and around the globe. The perceptions and credibility of U.S. leadership rests largely on our ability to meet this challenge.

 

 

Inspiring a Dialogue on the Presidency with a New Generation of Leaders

This overview of the Center's unique Fellows Program includes colleges and universities represented, research paper topics, and photos of briefings, dignitaries and Fellows working with mentors on their original papers on Presidential Leadership.

The Fellows Program immerses students in public policy during two visits to Washington, D.C. Fellows meet with national leaders in an environment stimulating in depth exchanges. The Moffett Award for Best Overall Paper and the Marron Award for Best Historical Paper recognize superior scholarship and bring substantial cash awards.

 

Crises of Character in Leadership

Examines the importance of academic, government and busines leadership, in the context of flawed leaders who failed to acknowledge their mistakes.

 

Marshalling Science, Bridging the Gap: How to Win the War Against Terrorism and Build a Better Peace

Insights and recommendations on winning the war against terrorism by Senate majority leader Bill Frist, Nobel Laureate Joshua Lederberg, Presidential Advisor John Marburger, Defense Science Board Chairmen William Schneider and University of Michigan Distinguished Professor Homer A. Neal.

 

Panel Report for the President and Congress: Comprehensive Strategic Reform

Developed in the year prior to the 9-11 attacks on New York and Washington, this panel report for the President and Congress calls for a new a new Strategic Advisory Board (similar to the new Homeland Security Advisory Council) to tap into the strengths of the most innovative minds in the private sector; a "contingency planning board" of the NSC to be led by a new deputy national security advisor; and a new Congressional Joint Strategic Committee (much like the new Select Committee on Homeland Security) to work with the Administration in developing anticipatory policies and building consensus for far-reaching national security reforms. Zbigniew Brzezinski, Lee Hamilton, Carla Hills, Joseph Nye, Thomas Pickering, James Watkins, James Woolsey are among the report�s 23 preeminent signatories. Who call for a new comprehensive strategic assessment to address our critical deficiencies and to develop the new strategic vision the President has called for.

 

The U.S.-Canada Strategic Partnership in the War on Terrorism

This report seeks to distill in a readable fashion the most critical aspects of the post 9/11 U.S.-Canada relationship, and is part of an on-going series of CSP conferences, seminars, and white papers aimed at strengthening U.S. Presidential leadership. This brief examination served as a preliminary report in advance of the September 2002 conference (co-hosted by the Center for the Study of the Presidency) in Ottawa on "Canadian Defense and the Canada-U.S. Strategic Partnership."

 

Lessons for the 21st Century: Vulnerability and Surprise, December 7, 1941, September 11, 2001
by David M. Abshire

In September 2002 Center for the Study of the Presidency and the U.S. Institute of Peace convened a colloquium, chaired by Ambassador Richard Solomon, on lessons learned from December 7 and September 11, 2001 It is now is apparent that the same rigid mindset that kept U.S. officials from anticipating Pearl Harbor and the Twin Towers also blocks our innovation in science and technology and inhibits our anticipation of financial crises at home and abroad. While we clearly need to cultivate the art of agile thinking, we also need to foster the creation of the structures and cultures that encourage us to think beyond the horizon.

 

Forward Strategic Empowerment: Synergies Between CINCs, The State Department, and Other Agencies

In recent years, the State Departments planning and preventive capabilities have declined in several areas, the role of the regional Commanders (CINCs) has grown. This Center for the Study of the Presidency study, Chaired by former Army Chief of Staff General Edward C. Meyer, USA (Ret.), and former Undersecretary of State Ambassador Thomas Pickering, examines and defines possible solutions to the current lack of forwardly empowered U.S. diplomatic capabilities. This report reflects the input of a variety of experts on the difficulties presented by the changing international environment, and how U.S. forward empowerment might be feasibly strengthened.

 

Advancing Innovation: Improving the S&T; Advisory Structure and Policy Process

Co-sponsored with the American Association for the Advancement of Science, this condensation of a one-day conference includes remarks on science policy, Presidential Leadership, the evolutions of the Office of Science and Technology Policy and the importance of Congressional support to basic science research. Participants include Presidential Science Advisors, former Cabinet and Office of Science and Technology Policy officials, Congressional staff, and academic leaders in science policy.

 

In Harm's Way: Intervention and Prevention

Wide oceans and prudent diplomacy have insulated America from enemies and potential adversaries for more than two centuries. Today, failing Third World states, proliferating weapons of mass destruction, and the increase in � and changing nature of � terrorism increase the number and complexity of threats to U.S. security as do the growing number of ethnic and humanitarian tragedies around the world.

This report contains the insights of nearly two-dozen scholars and practitioners � including a former President � who examine in two separate sections the causes and complexities of Presidential decision-making of military intervention. Three "Strategic Papers" and a series of case studies outline the decision-making process of U.S. interventions from Korea through Yugoslavia round out this unique publication, which offers trenchant lessons for the war on terrorism and, hopefully, the peace beyond.

 

Dialogues On Presidential Leadership: The President, Congress, and the Media

Includes a dialogue between Senators John Breaux and Chuck Hagel, as well as panel presentations by David Gergen, James Schlesinger, Eleanor Clift, Michael Barone and William Brock, among others.

 

A Call for Transformational Leadership: U.S. and Japan

Highlights of a two-day nationally televised conference on the skills needed of modern day leaders and the challenges facing them. Panelists included political, financial and academic authorities.

 

Constructing the Presidency for the 21st Century: Learning from Past Triumphs and Tragedies
by David M. Abshire, with an Introduction by Michael Beschloss

Argues that Presidents need sage counsel to tranform their campaigns - and their inevitable policy or personal mistakes - into effective governance.

 

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