“Looking Forward in Wartime:
Vulnerable Points in the Global Economy”
award winning Presidential
Studies Quarterly continues to be the flagship of the
Center's publications. The Quarterly has come to be viewed
as indispensable by business and professional leaders, embassies,
top public officials and scholars throughout the world.
on the Center
The Center seeks
to provide an institutional memory of and for the Presidency in
a changing world. By highlighting past Presidential successes and
failures, the Center seeks to offer wisdom to current and future
Presidents, their staff, Congress and to students and journalists
studying the Presidency. The Center organizes conferences, working
groups and publications to preserve the Presidential memory; examines
current organizational problems through an historical lens; and
nurtures future leaders.
Nato for the War on Terror
its Allies have confronted the perilous and unconventional threat
of terrorism before. Twenty years ago Presidential leadership and
creative use of NATO’s consultative mechanisms enabled the
Alliance to respond effectively to a new threat environment. Today’s
world – shaped by the terrorist attacks of 9/11, the wars
in Iraq and Afghanistan, and the forward leaning policies of the
Department of Homeland Security – demands the same leadership.
This CSP report identifies five very specific policy options available
to the President and the U.S. foreign policy leadership that would
help America and its Allies win the global war on terror while strengthening
on Civility and Inclusive Leadership & National Commitee to Unite
a Divided America
United States faces extraordinary opportunities as well as a series
of formidable challenges that threaten our national security and
well-being at home and abroad. From terrorist threats to the homeland,
ongoing conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq and the over-extension
of our Armed Forces and Reserves, to the potential insolvency of
Social Security and our rising “twin deficits,” these
challenges grow increasingly complex and interconnected each day.
Yet even as they steadily restrict our freedom of action, we remain
a deeply polarized nation unable to reach a strategic consensus
on the way forward. However, the opportunities for the expansion
of freedom and democracy around the world are increasing daily.
to these crises, The Declaration on Civility and Inclusive Leadership
aims to inspire the nation’s leaders to exercise civility
and inclusive leadership, which are essential tools for forging
national unity and marshalling the best talent, regardless of political
affiliation. With over 160 signatories, including the current and
former diplomats and government officials, university presidents
and professors, corporate executives, military officials, sports
figures and religious scholars who comprise the National Committee
to Unite a Divided America, the Declaration has wide support from
both extremes of the political divide and from all walks of life.
Grace and Power of Civility: Lessons from the American Experience
for the Coming Four Years
11, 2001, we were a people united by our common beliefs. It is a
tragedy that those few months of national, moral, and spiritual
unity were too soon lost. Still, we remain bound, whether we show
it or not, by certain principles that are elusive but powerful.
In the great historical accomplishments of America, these apparent
opposites of commitment and tolerance are bridged by civility. In
its deepest sense, civility means respect, listening, and dialogue.
Yet, in the American experience, civility has not always prevailed,
and its role in our political culture cannot be taken for granted.
In essence, civility is the interaction of these forces, of commitment
and tolerance, of passion and mutual respect, that has been the
hallmark of the American experience. Indeed, while commitment without
tolerance produces a sort of zealous, destructive fundamentalism,
tolerance without commitment entails a moral reserve that can degenerate
into moral vacuity or paralysis.
Which, then, is the true America? The America of division or the
America of unity? The America of endless public and partisan warfare
or the America of cooperation, civility, and common purpose? The
America of many or the America of one? In the balance of these forces
lies the genius of the American experience.
Initiative: Strengthening U.S.-Muslim Communications
to the tragedies of 9/11 by focusing on communications with the
Muslim communities worldwide. Currently, U.S. public diplomacy efforts
are crippled by our organizational structures, insufficient marshalling
of our brainpower, and inadequate resources to face this challenge,
both in Iraq and around the globe. The perceptions and credibility
of U.S. leadership rests largely on our ability to meet this challenge.
a Dialogue on the Presidency with a New Generation of Leaders
of the Center's unique Fellows Program includes colleges and universities
represented, research paper topics, and photos of briefings, dignitaries
and Fellows working with mentors on their original
papers on Presidential Leadership.
Program immerses students in public policy during two visits to
Washington, D.C. Fellows meet with national leaders in an environment
stimulating in depth exchanges. The Moffett Award for Best Overall
Paper and the Marron Award for Best Historical Paper recognize superior
scholarship and bring substantial cash awards.
of Character in Leadership
importance of academic, government and busines leadership, in the
context of flawed leaders who failed to acknowledge their mistakes.
Report for the President and Congress: Comprehensive Strategic Reform
the year prior to the 9-11 attacks on New York and Washington, this
panel report for the President and Congress calls for a new a new
Strategic Advisory Board (similar to the new Homeland Security Advisory
Council) to tap into the strengths of the most innovative minds
in the private sector; a "contingency planning board"
of the NSC to be led by a new deputy national security advisor;
and a new Congressional Joint Strategic Committee (much like the
new Select Committee on Homeland Security) to work with the Administration
in developing anticipatory policies and building consensus for far-reaching
national security reforms. Zbigniew Brzezinski, Lee Hamilton, Carla
Hills, Joseph Nye, Thomas Pickering, James Watkins, James Woolsey
are among the report�s 23 preeminent signatories. Who call for a
new comprehensive strategic assessment to address our critical deficiencies
and to develop the new strategic vision the President has called
U.S.-Canada Strategic Partnership in the War on Terrorism
This report seeks
to distill in a readable fashion the most critical aspects of the
post 9/11 U.S.-Canada relationship, and is part of an on-going series
of CSP conferences, seminars, and white papers aimed at strengthening
U.S. Presidential leadership. This brief examination served as a
preliminary report in advance of the September 2002 conference (co-hosted
by the Center for the Study of the Presidency) in Ottawa on "Canadian
Defense and the Canada-U.S. Strategic Partnership."
for the 21st Century: Vulnerability and Surprise, December 7, 1941,
September 11, 2001
by David M. Abshire
2002 Center for the Study of the Presidency and the U.S. Institute
of Peace convened a colloquium, chaired by Ambassador Richard Solomon,
on lessons learned from December 7 and September 11, 2001 It is
now is apparent that the same rigid mindset that kept U.S. officials
from anticipating Pearl Harbor and the Twin Towers also blocks our
innovation in science and technology and inhibits our anticipation
of financial crises at home and abroad. While we clearly need to
cultivate the art of agile thinking, we also need to foster the
creation of the structures and cultures that encourage us to think
beyond the horizon.
Strategic Empowerment: Synergies Between CINCs, The State Department,
and Other Agencies
In recent years,
the State Departments planning and preventive capabilities have
declined in several areas, the role of the regional Commanders (CINCs)
has grown. This Center for the Study of the Presidency study, Chaired
by former Army Chief of Staff General Edward C. Meyer, USA (Ret.),
and former Undersecretary of State Ambassador Thomas Pickering,
examines and defines possible solutions to the current lack of forwardly
empowered U.S. diplomatic capabilities. This report reflects the
input of a variety of experts on the difficulties presented by the
changing international environment, and how U.S. forward empowerment
might be feasibly strengthened.
Innovation: Improving the S&T; Advisory Structure and Policy Process
with the American Association for the Advancement of Science, this
condensation of a one-day conference includes remarks on science
policy, Presidential Leadership, the evolutions of the Office of
Science and Technology Policy and the importance of Congressional
support to basic science research. Participants include Presidential
Science Advisors, former Cabinet and Office of Science and Technology
Policy officials, Congressional staff, and academic leaders in science
Harm's Way: Intervention and Prevention
and prudent diplomacy have insulated America from enemies and potential
adversaries for more than two centuries. Today, failing Third World
states, proliferating weapons of mass destruction, and the increase
in � and changing nature of � terrorism increase the number and
complexity of threats to U.S. security as do the growing number
of ethnic and humanitarian tragedies around the world.
contains the insights of nearly two-dozen scholars and practitioners
� including a former President � who examine in two separate sections
the causes and complexities of Presidential decision-making of military
intervention. Three "Strategic Papers" and a series of
case studies outline the decision-making process of U.S. interventions
from Korea through Yugoslavia round out this unique publication,
which offers trenchant lessons for the war on terrorism and, hopefully,
the peace beyond.